The Three Kingdoms Wiki
Liu Bei
Liu Bei.jpg
Character information
Force(s): Liu Yan's Forces
Gongsun Zan's Forces
Tao Qian's Forces
Yuan Shao's Forces
Liu Bei's Forces
Significant Battle(s):
Yellow Turban Rebellion
Battle of Hu Lao Gate
Battle of Pan River
Battle of Doucheng
Battle of Xu Province
Battle of Xiapi
Battle of Guan Du
Battle of Ru Nan
Battle of Xin Ye
Battle of Bo Wan Po
Battle of Chang Ban
Battle of Chi Bi
Campaign for Jing
Battle of Luo Castle
Battle of Chengdu
Battle of Jia Meng Gate
Battle of Hanzhong
Battle of Mt. Ding Jun
Battle of Yi Ling
Battle of Bai Di Castle
Historical information
Real name: Liu Bei
Chinese name: 刘备
Style name:
Chinese name:
Born: 161
Died: 223

Liu Bei was the first Emperor of Shu.


Liu Bei was born in Zhuo Commandery in AD 157.He grew up in a poor family and was descended from Liu Bang, the King of Hanzhong, as well as from the first emperor of the Han Dynasty. He first served under the Governor of Yi Province, Liu Yan, his uncle, and was given command of the Volunteer Forces because of his imperial descent. Before the Yellow Turban Rebellion was going to be quelled in AD 184, he befriended Gongsun Zan, Zhang Fei(张飞), and Guan Yu(关羽). He swore an oath of brotherhood with Zhang Fei and Guan Yu, and they swore that even though they were born in different years, that they would die in the same year, same place, and the very same day. Liu Bei's first battle was one in Yi Province with the Yellow Turban commander Cheng Yuanzhi, who was slain by Zhang Fei after a duel with him. Liu Bei later ended the first Yellow Turban rising by killing Zhao Hong, Han Zhong, Sun Zhong, and Sun Xia, the last Yellow Turbans, in Wan Castle. He began service under Gongsun Zan, his new master, after the war ended. He and his brothers were always close together when they traveled, and Liu Bei's next campaign was during the Alliance against Dong Zhuo in AD 189 when the tyrant and corpulent governor Dong Zhuo purged the Imperial Family and seized power over the Imperial Court. Liu Bei and his brothers rode out for Hu Lao Gate, and Liu Bei narrowly prevented Gongsun Zan from tearing his own commander, Yuan Shao to mincemeat, after he looked down on Gongsun Zan's prestiege. During that arguement, he became acquainted with a brave young warrior named Zhao Yun. The "Three Sworn Brothers" went into battle with Hu Lao Gate's commanding officer, Lu Bu, who was an undefeated warrior and the adopted son of Dong Zhuo. Lu Bu managed to fight all three to a draw, which distracted him from attacking the Allied Forces that had already entered the gate and marched on to Luo Yang. The duel was legendary, and the three became well-known across the land. After the alliance disbanded, Liu Bei and his brothers assisted Gongsun Zan in fighting Yuan Shao at Jieqiao in AD 192. Yuan Shao was defeated by Liu Bei, Guan Yu, Zhang Fei, and Zhao Yun, whom Liu Bei came to respect for his prowess in battle. After Gongsun Zan began to show signs of being conceited, Liu Bei and his brothers went into the service of the Governor of Xu Province, Tao Qian, in AD 193. Tao Qian sent Liu Bei to aid Kong Rong after he recieved Taishi Ci as an envoy, so Liu Bei assisted Kong Rong against the Yellow Turbans under command of Guan Hai, and Guan Yu slew him. Shortly after Liu Bei's heroics, urgent news came from Xu Province about the death of the famous warlord Cao Song, the father of the Governor of Yan Province, Cao Cao. Cao Song was murdered by Tao Qian's general Zhang Kai, who tried to rob him. Cao Cao, enraged, invaded Xu Province and Liu Bei and his brothers prepared to defend their lord from attack. Liu Bei fought hard in the defense of Xuzhou City from Cao Cao, and Cao Cao's attacks were beaten off; only after he had razed all of the cities and towns on his withdrawal. Tao Qian acknowledged Liu Bei's benevolence, and offered Liu Bei the governorship of Xu Province three times, yet Liu Bei refused. During the battle for Xu, Liu Bei met Lu Bu, except that he was fighting for Tao Qian, as he had no home to return to after assassinating Dong Zhuo and his father-in-law Wang Yun being killed. Liu Bei took him in and left Xu Province in his hands after Tao Qian died. However, Lu Bu stole Xia Pi Castle from Liu Bei in AD 198, and Liu Bei allied with Cao Cao against him. At Xia Pi, Lu Bu was captured and executed, at Liu Bei's terror. He wanted Lu Bu to become one of his commanders again, but he was strangulated to death by hanging. Liu Bei subsequently fell under Cao Cao's domination, but he continued to fight his own campaigns. In AD 198, after Xia Pi, Liu Bei participated in the campaign against Yuan Shu at Shou Chun Castle, where he met the great warlord Sun Ce. At Xuzhou in AD 199, he defeated Yuan Shu's army for a final time and Zhang Fei killed his general Ji Ling with his double blade. In AD 200, Xu Province was conquered by Cao Cao in return for Liu Bei's alliance in AD 198 at Xiapi, so Liu Bei had no land. In alliance with the northerm warlord Yuan Shao, Liu Bei rebelled in Xu Province's Pei County. Guan Yu was captured by Cao Cao and was forced to serve under him, while Liu Bei and Zhang Fei fled to Yuan Shao. In Yuan Shao's camp, he met Zhao Yun, who fled to his services after his extermination of Gongsun Zan a year earlier. Liu Bei searched for Guan Yu when Cao Cao and Yuan Shao were in deadlock at Guandu, but when Yuan Shao's top commanders Yan Liang and Wen Chou were slain by him, Yuan Shao branded him a traitor and ordered his army to kill him. Zhao Yun aided Liu Bei and Zhang Fei from escaping both armies' clutches, and Liu Bei waited desparately in Ru Nan Castle for the return of Guan Yu. After victory at Guan Du, Cao Cao turned his attention to Liu Bei. Guan Yu escaped Cao Cao and rejoined Liu Bei, and Liu Bei's forces escaped from Runan with quite a heavy cost: his generals Liu Pi and Gong Du, plus many soldiers. He fled to Liu Biao, the Governor of Jing Province, who granted him sanctuary in Xinye Commandery. In AD 203 he engaged Cao Cao in battle at Liyang when Liu Biao aided Yuan Shao's sons Yuan Shang and Yuan Tan against Cao Cao, but his expedition was defeated by his master strategist Guo Jia. Cao Cao invaded Xinye that same year, but a hermit named Xu Shu came and acted as Liu Bei's strategist for the battle and defeated Cao Cao. Before he took his leave, he recommended a much smarter man, Zhuge Liang. Liu Bei visited him three times, honoring him, and he acted as Liu Bei's strategist permanently. Liu Bei was invaded again at Bo Wan Po in AD 208 after Cao Cao gained control of Jing Province following Liu Biao's death, but Zhuge Liang's intellect beat off Cao Cao's invasion. Nevertheless, Liu Bei had to flee. Zhuge Liang recommended forging an alliance with Sun Quan, the brother of the late Sun Ce, and fleeing to his territory in Yang Province. He tried to do so, but was chased down at Chang Ban Po by Cao Cao's main army of over 800,000 troops. He brought with him refugees who wanted to see the world he could have created, and his generals Zhao Yun, Zhang Fei, Zhuge Liang, and Jian Yong defended the refugees as they crossed the Changban Bridge. Liu Bei narrowly escaped, thanks to the aid of Liu Qi, who provided a naval fleet to let him escape down the Yangtze River to Wu. Zhuge Liang had secured an alliance with Sun Quan by lying to his viceroy Zhou Yu that Cao Cao was going after his wife Xiao Qiao. Liu Bei and Sun Quan's combined forces defeated Cao Cao at Chi Bi using a fire attack, and Liu Bei was able to gather a large army. Shortly after Chi Bi, he seized the cities of Ling Ling, Gui Yang, Wu Ling, and Changsha, as well as gaining the generals Wei Yan and Huang Zhong. He had a good amount of territory in Jing Province, pretty much taking over all of the west and south, while Wei had the north and Wu had the east. Liu Bei was soon invited to Yi Province by his cousin, Liu Zhang, to fight against the Lord of Hanzhong, Zhang Lu. But his newly-recruited strategist Pang Tong conspired with Zhuge Liang, Wei Yan, and Huang Zhong to seize Yi Province, because it was the only chance that they would have. They seized Luo Castle in secrecy, and Liu Bei was finally informed of the campaign when Pang Tong was reported to have died of arrow wounds inflicted by Zhang Ren of Liu Zhang. Instead of being enraged, he was actually happy, because the people were cheering for him and thanking him for his liberation. So Liu Bei proceeded to attack the capital of Yi Province, Cheng Du, and seized the territory. In AD 215, after Cao Cao seized Han Zhong, the "Three Kingdoms" were formed; Cao Cao's northern possessions became the Kingdom of Cao Wei, Liu Bei's western territory became the Kingdom of Shu Han, and Sun Quan's eastern empire became the Kingdom of Eastern Wu. This led to a new age of civil strife, and Liu Bei decided to liberate Emperor Xian from Cao Cao's "protection" by allying with Wu to invade Wei. He proposed a joint attack: Shu would invade Hanzhong while Wu invaded Hefei. The Shu took over Hanzhong at Mt. Ding Jun when the Wei commander Xiahou Yuan was slain, but the Wu failed to seize He Fei. Wu demanded compensation for their efforts, so Liu Bei promised that the easternmost Jing Province would be ceded to Wu. But his brother Guan Yu was ordered to stay as per the instructions of Zhuge Liang. Wu allied with Wei to take over Jing Province when Guan Yu attacked Fan Castle in Wei's portion of Jing Province. Wei would hold the castle while Wu seized Yinping, Gong'an, Xiang Yang, and Jiang Ling. The plan worked, and Guan Yu was beheaded by the Wu army. This was in AD 219; Liu Bei invaded three years later, and by that time, Cao Cao was dead. Zhuge Liang and Zhao Yun wanted him to rather attack Cao Pi, who had declared himself Emperor of Cao Wei rather than king, but Liu Bei was fixed on vengeance. He invaded Jing Province and his massive army swept through Wu. He was planning to only retake Jing, but when news came that Zhang Fei was brutally murdered by two traitors who fled to Wu, Liu Bei wanted to eradicate Wu. He fought Wu at Yiling, and nearly won the battle when Wu sent the killers of Guan Yu (Mi Fang, Fu Shi Ren) and Zhang Fei (Zhang Da, Fan Qiang) in cage carts to appease Liu Bei. Liu Bei had them all grotesquely executed, but he wanted to grind Sun Quan himself to pieces. He kept up the attack, but lost generals Huang Zhong Sha Moke, Ma Liang, Zhang Nan, and many others to the Wu forces. Liu Bei soon retired to Bai Di Castle, not far from Yi Ling, and was attacked by the Wu under Lu Xun. The Wu did not reach the gates, as the Stone Sentinels Maze confused them, but Liu Bei was dying of sorrow. He ordered his son Liu Shan to be placed under Zhuge Liang's care, and if he proved unfit to rule, that Zhuge Liang could be emperor, but he soon died. all of the brothers died almost three years apart from each other Guan Yu (219), Zhang Fei (221), and Liu Bei (223). Their oath was slightly broken by a mite of years.